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 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for January 1


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1748
Died, Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (Gottfried Leibniz's calculus, particle moving in a gravitational field, catenary equation, exponential calculus)
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Bernoulli_Johann.html

1785
French inventor Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American Dr John Jeffries crossed the English Channel by air for the first time, in a balloon.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_ballooning#Further_milestones

1801
Giuseppe Piazzi discovered asteroid #1 Ceres.

1 Ceres was the first asteroid discovered, on 1 January 1801 by Giuseppe Piazzi. It was originally named Ceres Ferdinandea after both the mythological figure Ceres (Roman goddess of plants and motherly love) and King Ferdinand III of Sicily. King Ferdinand was taking refuge in Palermo at the time, the Kingdom of Naples having been conquered by the French in 1798. The "Ferdinandea" part was not acceptable to other nations of the world and was dropped. Ceres was also called Hera for a short time in Germany.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1_Ceres
http://theskylive.com/ceres-info

1874
Born, Gustave Whitehead, German-American inventor (flew in 1901, 2 years, 4 months before the Wright brothers)

Gustave Albin Whitehead (1 January 1874 - 10 October 1927) was a German-American aviation pioneer. His first published flight took place on 14 August 1901 in Connecticut when he flew his Number 21 three times, as reported by the Bridgeport Herald, the New York Herald and the Boston Transcript. The longest flight was 2.5 km (1.5 miles) at a height of up to 60 m (200 ft), significantly better than the Wright brothers' initial flights two years and four months later. There are witness reports that he flew about 1 km (half a mile) as early as 1899. In January 1902 he flew 10 km (7 miles) over the Long Island strait in the improved Number 22.

It has been suggested the reason his flights are so little known is he was of German origin, and that the Wright brothers donated their Wright flyer to the Smithsonian Institute on condition the Institute did not recognize an earlier airplane.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_Whitehead

1894
Died, Heinrich Hertz, German physicist

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22 February 1857 - 1 January 1894) was the German physicist for whom the hertz, the SI unit of frequency, is named. In 1888, he was the first to demonstrate the existence of electromagnetic radiation by building apparatus to produce radio waves.

Following Michelson's 1881 experiment (precursor to the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment) which disproved the existence of luminiferous aether, he reformulated Maxwell's equations to take the new discovery into account. Through experimentation, he proved that electric signals can travel through open air, as had been predicted by James Clerk Maxwell and Michael Faraday, and which is the basis for the invention of radio. He also discovered the photoelectric effect (which was later explained by Albert Einstein) when he noticed that a charged object loses its charge more readily when illuminated by ultraviolet light.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Hertz

1896
Wilhelm Roentgen forwarded reprints of the article he had submitted announcing his discovery of x-rays to several other scientists.
https://www.emory.edu/X-RAYS/century_06.htm

1907
Born, Vasili Ivanovich Voznyuk, Commander of Kapustin Yar launch facility (6/1946-4/1973), credited with single-handedly turning the uninhabitable region into a tolerable living area, with great concern for the welfare of those under his command
http://kpi.ua/en/node/2635

1914
The first scheduled airline flight was made, from St Petersburg, Florida to Tampa, with Tony Jannus as the pilot.
https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/america-by-air/online/early_years/early_years01.cfm

1929
K Reinmuth discovered asteroid #1105 Fragaria.

1932
M Wolf discovered asteroid #1214 Richilde.

1942
Born, Gennadi Vasiliyevich Sarafanov (at Sinenkiye, Saratov Oblast, Russian SFSR), Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 15) (deceased)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/cosmonauts/english/sarafanov_gennadi.htm

1947
Born, Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov (at Sretensk, Russia), cosmonaut, astronaut (Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10, Soyuz TM-4/Mir (first flight over one year), STS 63, STS 86)
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/titov.html

1956
Born, Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev (at Chapayevsk, Kuybyshev Oblast, Russian SFSR), Russian cosmonaut (Mir 12, Mir 20, Mir 26/27, over 747.5 total days in space)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/cosmonauts/english/avdeyev_sergei.htm

1959
Born, Abdul Ahad "Abdulah" Mohmand (at Sardah, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan), cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6/Mir EP3/Soyuz TM-5)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/international/english/mohmand_abdol.htm

1965
Syncom 3, the first geosynchronous communications satellite, passed from civilian to military control.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1964-047A

1966
Purple Mountain Observatory discovered asteroid #3335.

1968
Cesco & A Samuel discovered asteroid #1917 Cuyo.

1969
The (US) World Data Center A for Rockets and Satellites was transferred to the National Space Science Data Center.
http://www.honeysucklecreek.net/images/images_Apollo_8/Goddard_news/Goddard_News_January_13_1969.pdf

1970
The Unix epoch began at 00:00:00 UTC. This is the "zero" hour for most computer time systems in use in 2017.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_time

1973
Died, Hermann F Beduerftig, German/American rocket engineer, Vortex cavity seal float, US Patent # US3194439 A
http://www.astronautix.com/b/beduerftig.html

1981
E Bowell discovered asteroids #2357 Phereclos, #2761 Eddington and #3197 Weissman.

1983
The ARPANET, a US Department of Defense internetworking system, officially changed to use the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_Control_Program#Transition_to_TCP.2FIP

1984
Died, Theodore Buchhold, professor, German expert in guided missiles during World War II, member of the German Rocket Team in the US after the war
http://www.astronautix.com/b/buchhold.html

1990
Died, Erich K A Ball, German guided missile expert during World War II, member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after the war, worked at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and Huntsville
http://www.astronautix.com/b/ballerich.html

1990
Died, James Wayne Wood, astronaut candidate, X-20 DynaSoar pilot
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/astronauts/english/wood_james.htm

1992
The International Space Year began.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Space_Year

1996
Died, Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph, German guided missile engineer and expert during World War II, member of the German Rocket Team in the US after the war, worked on the Pershing missle and Saturn V
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Rudolph

1996
Died, Mikhail Vasilyevich Melnikov, Russian engineer, Deputy Chief Designer at Korolev design bureau (1960-1974), specialized in engines, such as the Blok D used in Lunar programs
http://www.astronautix.com/m/melnikov.html

2015
Died, Boris Vladimirovich Morukov MD, Russian civilian physician (Institute of Medical Biological Problems), cosmonaut (STS 106)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/cosmonauts/english/morukov_boris.htm


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