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 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for January 6

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Race To Space
Someone will win the prize...
               ... but at what cost?
Visit to find out more!

Born, Jacques Etienne Montgolfier, built the first practical hot air balloon in 1783 with his brother Joseph Michel

The Montgolfier brothers, Joseph Michel Montgolfier (26 August 1740 - 26 June 1810) and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier (6 January 1745 - 2 August 1799), built the first practical hot-air balloon (1783).

Samuel Morse first successfully demonstrated his electrical telegraph, the design became the first commercially successful telegraph system.

Born, Eric Frank Russell, science fiction author (Hugo, Deep Space)

J. Lagrula discovered asteroid #775 Lumiere.

Born, Oleg Makarov (at Udomlya, Kalinin Oblast, Russian SFSR), Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5, survived the first manned spaceflight abort during launch, Soyuz 18-1; over 20d 17.25h total time in spaceflight) (deceased)

Oleg Grigorievich Makarov (6 January 1933 - 28 May 2003) was a Russian cosmonaut. He was selected for cosmonaut training in 1966. At first he did work on the Soviet Lunar program, and was training with Aleksei Leonov for a circumlunar flight. However after the success of Apollo 8 the flight was cancelled. His first spaceflight was Soyuz 12 in 1973, a test flight to check the changes made to the Soyuz spacecraft after the Soyuz 11 disaster. His second flight was Soyuz 18a, aborted shortly after launch with an emergency landing in north-west China. With his third launch on Soyuz 27 he flew to space station Salyut 6, and landed 5 days later with the Soyuz 26 spacecraft. His last mission was Soyuz T-3, during which several repairs on Salyut 6 were done. He was also in backup crews for the flight Soyuz 17 and Soyuz T-2. Altogether he spent 20 days 17 hours 44 minutes in space. After his final spaceflight he continued to work for Energia, both in the Mir space station program as well as the Energia-Buran development.

He died in Moscow, Russia, on 28 May 2003 from a heart attack.

Cosmonauts Oleg Makarov (right) and Vladimir Dzhanibekov portrayed on a 1979 USSR postage stamp
Source: Wikipedia

G. Kulin discovered asteroids #1444 Pannonia, #1445 Konkolya and #3427.

The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York, completing (unplanned) the first round-the-world trip by a commercial airplane, due in part to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.

Born, Guy S. Gardner (at Alta Vista, Virgina, USA), Colonel USAF, NASA astronaut (STS-27, STS-35; over 13d 8h total time in spaceflight)

Astronaut Guy S. Gardner, NASA photo
Source: Wikipedia

Born, C. Michael Foale PhD CBE (at Louth, England), NASA astronaut (STS 45, STS 56, STS 63, Mir 23/24, STS 103, ISS 8; 373d 18.25h total time in spaceflight)

Official portrait of C. Michael Foale, NASA photo (13 May 2013)
Source: Wikipedia ( killed 25 Feb 2021)

1968 06:30:00 GMT
NASA Surveyor 7, the last of the series, was launched for a soft landing on Moon.

Surveyor 7, launched 6 January 1968, was the fifth and final spacecraft of the Surveyor series to achieve a Lunar soft landing. The mission objectives were to: (1) perform a Lunar soft landing in an area well removed from the maria to provide a type of terrain photography and Lunar sample significantly different from those of other Surveyor missions; (2) obtain postlanding television pictures; (3) determine the relative abundances of chemical elements; (4) manipulate the Lunar material; (5) obtain touchdown dynamics data; and, (6) obtain thermal and radar reflectivity data. This spacecraft was similar in design to the previous Surveyors, but it carried more scientific equipment including a television camera with polarizing filters, an alpha-scattering instrument, a surface sampler, bar magnets on two footpads, two horseshoe magnets on the surface scoop, and auxiliary mirrors. Of the auxiliary mirrors, three were used to observe areas below the spacecraft, one to provide stereoscopic views of the surface sampler area, and seven to show Lunar material deposited on the spacecraft. The spacecraft landed on the Lunar surface on 10 January 1968, on the outer rim of the crater Tycho. Operations of the spacecraft began shortly after the soft landing and were terminated on 26 January 1968, 80 hours after sunset. Operations on the second Lunar day occurred from 12-21 February 1968. The mission objectives were fully satisfied by the spacecraft operations.

Surveyor Moon probe sitting on a beach, NASA photo
Source: NSSDCA Master Catalog

Astronomers at the University of California reported the first sighting of the birth of a galaxy, 12 billion lightyears away.

Jean Mueller discovered comet Mueller/1993a.

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