Site Features

Space History


  • Log In
  • Sign Up

Useful Articles

Support Department

  • FAQ System
  • Contact List
  • Suggestion Box

Site Keywords

 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for January 26

If you are not already a subscriber, you are welcome to enter your email address here to sign up to receive the Space History newsletter on a daily basis. Under no circumstances will we release your legitimate email address entered here to outside persons or organizations, and it will only be used for mailing the specific information you have requested.

Enter your email address here:

Unsubscribe instructions are included in every newsletter issue in case you decide you no longer wish to receive it.

Note: We record the IP address from which subscriptions are entered to help prevent SPAM abuses.

The fifth recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet occurred.

Died, Edward Jenner, English physician, discovered vaccination

Paul Henry discovered asteroid #159 Aemilia.

Died, Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (telegraph)

Born, Bessie Cole[man], the first black person to receive a pilot's license. She started a flying school, and was nick-named "Brave Bessie" for her daring flights.

M Wolf discovered asteroid #557 Violetta.

Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful seaplane in the United States.

The first public demonstration of a "true television system" with easily discernable images was given by Scottish inventor John Logie Baird in London. The system used mechanical rotating disks to scan moving images into electronic impulses.

Born, Philip Jose Farmer, American science fiction writer

K Reinmuth discovered asteroids #1083 Salvia and #1155 Aenna.

E Delporte discovered asteroid #2545 Verbiest.

Vaisala discovered asteroids #1446 Sillanpaa, #1447 Utra and #1529 Oterma.

Died, Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician

Felix Hausdorff (8 November 1868 - 26 January 1942) was a German mathematician who is considered to be one of the founders of modern topology and who contributed significantly to set theory and functional analysis. He defined and studied partially ordered sets, Hausdorff spaces, and the Hausdorff dimension. He proved the Hausdorff maximality theorem. He published philosophical and literary works under the pseudonym "Paul Mongre".

In 1942, when Hausdorff (a Jew) could no longer avoid being sent to a concentration camp, he committed suicide together with his wife and sister-in-law.

The 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory, California, saw first light when Edwin Hubble exposed an image of NGC 2261, an object of variable brightness named Hubble's Variable Nebula.

Born, Mario Runco Jr. (at Bronx, New York, USA), Lt Cmdr USN, NASA astronaut (STS 44, STS 54, STS 77)

Astronaut Mario Runco Jr., STS-54 mission specialist, NASA photo (27 April 1993)

Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #1741 Giclas.

1962 20:30:00 GMT
NASA launched Ranger 3 as an attempted Lunar impact mission. The space probe missed the Moon by 22,000 miles on 28 January.

Ranger 3 was designed to transmit pictures of the Lunar surface to Earth stations during a period of 10 minutes of flight prior to impacting the Moon, to rough-land a seismometer capsule on the Moon, to collect gamma-ray data in flight, to study radar reflectivity of the Lunar surface, and to continue testing of the Ranger program for development of Lunar and interplanetary spacecraft. Due to a series of malfunctions the spacecraft missed the Moon.

The mission was designed to be boosted towards the Moon by an Atlas/Agena, undergo one mid-course correction, and impact the Lunar surface. At the appropriate altitude a capsule was to separate and retrorockets would ignite to cushion the capsule's landing. After launch on 26 January 1962, a malfunction in the booster guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft speed. Reversed command signals caused the spacecraft to pitch the wrong direction and the TM antenna to lose Earth acquisition, and so the mid-course correction was not possible. Finally, a spurious signal during the terminal maneuver prevented transmission of useful TV pictures. Ranger 3 missed the Moon by approximately 36,800 km (22,000 miles )on 28 January and is now in a heliocentric orbit. Some useful engineering data were obtained from the flight.

NASA photo, Ranger 3 Lunar impact probe

Stewardess Vesna Vulovic reportedly survived a 10,160m fall without a parachute, a record recognized by the Guiness Book of World Records in 1985 (retracted January 2009 after conflicting information was published).

Vesna Vulovic was a stewardess on a Yugoslav DC 9 jet airliner that blew up on 26 January 1972 (probably as the result of a terrorist bomb: Ustashe, the Croatian National Movement, reportedly later admitted their responsibility for the bombing). She fell more than 33,000 feet in the wreckage of the plane, which hit a snow-covered slope. The only survivor, she was badly injured and was paralyzed from the waist down, but later recovered and was able to walk again.

In January 2009, a report was published challenging the story, indicating instead that the plane had been shot down by MiG fighters at 600-900 meters altitude. See for more information.

1978 17:36:00 GMT
The International Ultraviolet Explorer was launched into Earth orbit.

Died, Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev, Russian Chief Designer and General Designer of OKB-10 (1961-1996), Korolev protege, led work on communications satellites

Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev (10 November 1924 - 26 January 1926), was the Russian Chief Designer and General Designer of OKB-10 (1961-1996), a Korolev protege, and led work on communications satellites.

Reshetnev was assigned a Filial of Korolev's OKB-1 at Plant 1001 in Krasnoyarsk on 4 June 1959. He was tasked with developing the first Soviet communications satellite, the Molniya. In December 1961, the Filial was upgraded to an independent OKB-10 with Reshetnev at its head. He went on to become the primary Soviet designer of communications and navigation satellites. He made one foray into launch vehicle integration in the 1960's (the Kosmos-1/65S3).

We are going to run out of oil!
Visit to help fix the problem. - For Human Survival

Please help support our efforts by shopping from our sponsors.

This newsletter and its contents are
Copyright © 2006-2017 by The L5 Development Group.  All rights reserved.
 - Publication, in part or in whole, requires previous written permission.
 - Academic or personal-use citations must refer to
   as their source.
Thank you for your cooperation.