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 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for February 15


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1564
Born, Galileo Galilei, Tuscan astronomer, father of the scientific method

Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 - 8 January 1642), was a Tuscan astronomer, philosopher, and physicist who is closely associated with the scientific revolution. His achievements include improving the telescope, a variety of astronomical observations (including discovery of Jupiter's largest moons), the first law of motion, and supporting Copernicanism effectively. He has been referred to as the "father of modern astronomy", as the "father of modern physics", and as the "father of science." His experimental work is widely considered complementary to the writings of Francis Bacon in establishing the modern scientific method. Galileo's career coincided with that of Johannes Kepler. His work is considered to be a significant break from that of Aristotle, and his conflict with the Roman Catholic Church is taken as a major early example of the conflict of religion and freedom of thought, particularly with science, in Western society.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei

1845
William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, first used his 72" (183 cm) reflector telescope, colloquially known as the "Leviathan of Parsonstown," for astronomical observation.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leviathan_of_Parsonstown

1858
Born, William Henry Pickering (at Boston, Massachusetts, USA), astronomer (Saturn's ninth moon)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_Pickering

1884
Born, Alfred Carlton Gilbert, Erector Set inventor, 1908 Summer Olympics gold medal winner (pole vault)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Carlton_Gilbert

1899
M Wolf and A Schwassmann discovered asteroid #442 Eichsfeldia.

1917
M Wolf discovered asteroid #865 Zubaida.

1920
K Reinmuth discovered asteroid #926 Imhilde.

1926
Contract air mail service began in the US, providing a tremendous boost to the fledgling air travel business.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airmails_of_the_United_States#Beginning_Contract_Air_Mail_.28CAM.29_service

1929
Born, Tommie Douglas Benefield (at Rison, Arkansas, USA), astronaut candidate (NASA Group 3 - 1963) (deceased)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/candidates/english/benefield_tommie.htm

1934
Born, Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist and inventor (PASCAL)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niklaus_Wirth

1935
Born, Roger Chaffee (at Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA), NASA astronaut candidate (deceased, Apollo 1 fire)

Roger Bruce Chaffee (15 February 1935 - 27 January 1967) was chosen in NASA's third group of astronauts in 1963. He had been selected as Lunar Module pilot for the first Apollo flight when the capsule burned on the pad, killing its crew of three: Chaffee, Virgil "Gus" Grissom and Edward White II. The mission would have been his first flight to space.



NASA photo, astronaut candidate Roger B. Chaffee
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/chaffee-rb.html

1941
K Reinmuth discovered asteroids #1561 Fricke and #1785 Wurm.

1944
Born, Aleksandr A. Serebrov (at Moscow, Russian SFSR), Soviet cosmonaut (Salyut 7 EO 1, Soyuz T-8, Mir 5, Mir 14, nearly 373 total days in space) (deceased)
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/cosmonauts/english/serebrov_aleksandr.htm

1964
Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #2417 McVittie and #3717.

1967
NASA's Lunar Orbiter 3 started acquiring pictures of the Lunar surface.

The Lunar Orbiter 3 spacecraft was designed primarily to photograph areas of the Lunar surface for confirmation of safe landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo missions. It was also equipped to collect selenodetic, radiation intensity, and micrometeoroid impact data. The spacecraft was placed in a cislunar trajectory and injected into an elliptical near-equatorial (210.2 km x 1801.9 km with an inclination of 20.9 degrees) Lunar orbit on 8 February at 21:54 UT. After four days (25 orbits) of tracking the orbit was changed to 55 km x 1847 km. The spacecraft acquired photographic data from 15 February to 23 February 1967, and readout occurred through 2 March 1967. The film advance mechanism started showing erratic behavior, resulting in a decision to begin readout of the frames earlier than planned. The frames were read out successfully until 4 March when the film advance motor burned out, leaving about 25% of the frames on the takeup reel, unable to be read.

149 medium resolution and 477 high resolution frames were returned from the Moon. The frames were of excellent quality, with resolution down to 1 meter. One of the frames included the Surveyor 1 landing site, with sufficient detail to permit identification of the spacecraft's location on the surface. Accurate data were acquired from all of the other experiments throughout the mission. The spacecraft was used for tracking purposes until it impacted the Lunar surface on command at 14.3 degrees N latitude, 97.7 degrees W longitude (selenographic coordinates) on 9 October 1967.


https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/database/MasterCatalog?sc=1967-008A

1973 01:12:00 GMT
USSR launched Prognoz 3 into a 589 by 200,300 km orbit to measure solar X rays and gamma rays, plasma, and energetic particles.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1973-009A

1977
W Sebok discovered asteroid #2491.

1980
Z Vavrova discovered asteroid #3592.

1988
Died, Richard Feynman, physicist (quantum electrodynamics, Nobel 1965 with Tomonaga and Schwinger "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles")
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/feynman-bio.html

1993 13:33:00 GMT
Japan's Hiten spacecraft went into Lunar orbit.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1990-007A

2013 03:20:00 GMT
The Chelyabinsk meteor superbolide was caused by a near-Earth asteroid entering Earth's atmosphere over the southern Ural region of Russia, it exploded in an air burst over Chelyabinsk Oblast, at a height of around 29.7 km (18.4 miles, 97,400 feet).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chelyabinsk_meteor


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