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Space History for February 27

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Race To Space
Someone will win the prize...
               ... but at what cost?
Visit to find out more!

Born, Bernard F. Lyot, French astronomer (coronagraph, Lyot filter)

Died, Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer, physicist, inventor, aviation pioneer

Born, Helmut Hoelzer, rocket avionics engineer, member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after World War II

Helmut Hoelzer (27 February 1912 - 12 October 1996) was a German rocket avionics expert. He began studies at the Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, but lost his scholarship in 1933 after getting into an argument with a Nazi student organization. After teaching, he returned to Darmstadt and was able to complete his degree and was employed by Telefunken in Berlin. He was recruited by Werner Von Braun to work at Peenemuende, and arrived there in 1939. He worked there on developing the V-2 guidance system and the Messina telemetry system. Following World War II, he became a member of the German Rocket Team in the United States, and worked the remainder of his life with the rocket team, at Fort Bliss, Texas, White Stands, New Mexico, then at Huntsville, Alabama. As of 1960, he was Director of the Computation Division at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Hoelzer died at Huntsville, Alabama.

K. Reinmuth discovered asteroid #1665 Gaby.

K. Reinmuth discovered asteroid #2248 Kanda.

L. Boyer discovered asteroid #1649 Fabre.

USSR's inert Venera 2 passed Venus at a distance of 24,000 km. Since it had failed in transit, no data was returned.

Venera 2 was launched on 12 November 1965 from Baikonur on a Tyazheliy Sputnik (65-091B) toward Venus, carrying a TV system and scientific instruments. On 27 February 1966, the spacecraft passed Venus at a distance of 24,000 km and entered a heliocentric orbit. Since the spacecraft had ceased to operate before it got to its target, no data was returned.

P. Wild discovered asteroids #2080 Jihlava, #2081 Sazava and #2088 Sahlia; and R. M. West discovered asteroid #3004.

1988 20:27:00 CST (GMT -6:00:00)
A Gulfstream IV set a new world record for an around-the-world flight of 36 hours 8 minutes 34 seconds.

Died, Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer

Died, Leonard Nimoy, actor (Spock, Star Trek)

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