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 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for October 8


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1647
Died, Christian Sorensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer, developed Tycho's geoheliocentric model empirically
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christen_S%C3%B8rensen_Longomontanus

1873
Born, Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram relating stellar type, development stage and luminosity)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ejnar_Hertzsprung

1879
J Palisa discovered asteroid #204 Kallisto.

1887
C H F Peters discovered asteroid #270 Anahita.

1891
A Charlois discovered asteroid #319 Leona.

1896
G Witt discovered asteroid #422 Berolina.

1906
A Kopff discovered asteroid #612 Veronika.

1913
Born, Hans Eiseler, German rocket engineer, member of the German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after World War II, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau (Engineering and Design, Dept. 61, 1947-1952)
http://www.astronautix.com/e/eiseler.html

1913
Born, Robert R. Gilruth, American aviation and space pioneer, first director of NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center

Robert Rowe Gilruth (8 October 1913 - 17 August 2000) was an American aviation and space pioneer, a long-time NACA engineer working at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory from 1937-1946, then as chief of the pilotless aircraft research division at Wallops Island from 1946-1952. He explored the possibility of human spaceflight before the creation of NASA, served as assistant director at Langley from 1952-1959, and as assistant director (manned satellites) and head of Project Mercury from 1959-1961, technically assigned to the Goddard Spaceflight Center but physically located at Langley. In early 1961 Glennan established an independent Space Task Group (already the group's name as an independent subdivision of the Goddard center) under Gilruth at Langley to supervise the Mercury program. This group moved to the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas, in 1962. Gilruth was then director of the Houston operation from 1962-1972.

In the beginning of his career he was involved with early research into supersonic flight and rocket-powered aircraft and then with the manned space program, including the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo projects. He worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics from 1937 to 1958 and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), until retirement in 1973.

Gilruth was born in Nashwauk, Minnesota. He attended and completed high school in Duluth, Minnesota. Gilruth received a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering at the University of Minnesota, and received his master's degree in 1936.

When NASA was created, Gilruth became head of the Space Task Group, tasked with putting a man in space before the Soviet Union. When that didn't happen, Gilruth suggested to President John F. Kennedy that the United States should announce a bigger goal, such as going to the Moon. Soon the Apollo program was born, and Gilruth was made head of the NASA center which ran it, the new Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) (now the Johnson Space Center). Gilruth served as director of the MSC until 1972 and oversaw a total of 25 manned spaceflights, from Mercury-Redstone 3 to Apollo 15.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_R._Gilruth

1920
Born, Frank Herbert, American science fiction author (Dune)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Herbert

1931
P Shajn discovered asteroid #1654 Bojeva.

1940
Died, Robert Emden, Swiss astrophysicist (developed a theory of expansion and compression of gas spheres and applied it to stellar structure)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Emden

1951
S Arend discovered asteroid #2666 Gramme.

1953
Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroids #1762 Russell, #2496 Fernandus and #2528 Mohler.

1956
Born, Janice Elaine Voss PhD (at South Bend, Indiana, USA), NASA astronaut (STS 57, STS 63, STS 83, STS 94, STS 99) (deceased)

Astronaut Janice Voss PhD, STS-99 mission specialist, NASA photo
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/voss-jan.html

1959
Born, Carlos Ismael Noriega (at Lima, Peru), mission specialist astronaut (STS 84, STS 97)

Astronaut Carlos I. Noriega, STS-97 mission specialist, NASA photo (October 1999)
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/noriega.html

1964
Purple Mountain Observatory discovered asteroids #2045 Peking, #2514 Taiyuan, #2539 Ningxia, #2899, #3048 and #3746.

1965
NASA test pilot Joseph Walker flew an Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle to an altitude of 300 feet.

A test model of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, designed to simulate Lunar landings, was flown by former NASA X-15 pilot Joseph Walker to an altitude of 91 meters (300 ft). Built by Bell Aerosystems Company under contract to NASA, the research craft had a jet engine that supported five-sixths of its weight. The pilot manipulated solid-fuel lift rockets that supported the remaining one-sixth, the amount of weight it would have on the Moon, and the craft's attitude was controlled with jets of hydrogen peroxide.



Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, NASA photo
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/armstrong/news/FactSheets/FS-026-DFRC.html

1969
L Chernykh discovered asteroids #1855 Korolev, #1856 Ruzena, #1956 Artek, #2030 Belyaev, #2031 BAM, #2468, #2561 Margolin, #2877 Likhachev, #2948 Amosov, #3126 Davydov, #3441 and #3659.

1970 12:43:00 GMT
USSR launched Cosmos 368 from Baikonur, a Bion precursor mission which conducted biological investigations and studies of the physical characteristics of outer space.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1970-080A

1972
L Zhuravleva discovered asteroids #1910 Mikhailov and #2475 Semenov.

1975
S J Bus and J Huchra discovered asteroid #2174 Asmodeus.

1978
E F Helin discovered asteroid #2860 Pasacentennium.

1980
L Zhuravleva discovered asteroid #2760 Kacha.

1981
L Chernykh discovered asteroid #3588.

1992
Communication with the NASA Pioneer Venus Orbiter ended as its propellant ran out and it dipped into the atmosphere.

The Pioneer Venus Orbiter (Pioneer 12), launched 20 May 1978, was the first of a two-spacecraft orbiter-probe combination designed to conduct a comprehensive investigation of the atmosphere of Venus. Its instruments were mounted on a shelf within the spacecraft except for a magnetometer mounted at the end of a boom to reduce magnetic interference from the spacecraft. Pioneer Venus Orbiter measured the detailed structure of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Venus, investigated the interaction of the solar wind with the ionosphere and the magnetic field in the vicinity of Venus, determined the characteristics of the atmosphere and surface of Venus on a planetary scale, determined the planet's gravitational field harmonics from perturbations of the spacecraft orbit, and detected gamma-ray bursts. UV observations of comets were also made. From Venus orbit insertion on 4 December 1978 to July 1980, periapsis was held between 142 and 253 km to facilitate radar and ionospheric measurements. Thereafter, the periapsis was allowed to rise (to 2290 km at maximum) and then fall, to conserve fuel. In 1991 the Radar Mapper was reactivated to investigate previously inaccessible southern portions of the planet. In May 1992 Pioneer Venus began the final phase of its mission, in which the periapsis was held between 150 and 250 km until the fuel ran out and atmospheric entry destroyed the spacecraft. Although it had a planned primary mission duration of only eight months, Pioneer Venus Orbiter remained in operation from orbit insertion on 4 December 1978 until it burned up in the Venusian atmosphere on 8 October 1992.


http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/pioneer_venus.html

1992 19:00:00 GMT
Russia launched Foton 8 from Plesetsk on a Soyuz booster for a space materials microgravity research mission conducted jointly with Germany that lasted 250 orbits, with the capsule returning to Earth on 24 October 1992.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1992-065A

1993 08:00:00 GMT
China launched Jianbing 93 (FSW-1 No. 5?) from Jiuquan on a Chang Zheng 2C (Long March) booster, whose capsule was not returned in a timely manner because of orientation errors during the re-entry burn.

China launched Jianbing 93 (FSW-1 No. 5?) on 8 October 1993 into a 209 x 300 km orbit at 57.0 degrees inclination. In addition to an Earth observation payload, FSW-1 5 carried microgravity research equipment and a diamond-studded medallion commemorating the 100th anniversary of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung's birth. The spacecraft operated normally until 16 October when an attempt to recover the satellite failed: An attitude control system failure aligned the spacecraft 90 degrees from its desired position, causing the re-entry capsule to be pushed into a higher elliptical orbit (179 km by 3031 km) instead of returning to Earth. Natural decay did not bring the capsule back until 12 March 1996.


http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1993-063A

1994 01:07:00 GMT
An Ariane 44L launched from Kourou carried Mexico's Solidaridad 2 and Thailand's Thaicom 2 communications satellites into space, which were positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 113 deg W and 78 deg E, respectively.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1994-065A

1995 18:51:00 GMT
Russia launched the Progress M-29 unmanned resupply vessel from Baikonur to Mir.

Russia launched the Progress M-29 unmanned resupply vessel to Mir on 8 October 1995, initially into a 194 x 242 km x 51.7 deg orbit. It docked with the rear port of Mir's Kvant module on 10 Oct 1995 20:32:40 GMT, because Soyuz TM-22 was docked to the front port. Progress M-29 undocked from Mir on 19 Dec 1995 09:15:05 GMT,and was destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1995 16:15:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.36 days. Total docked time 69.53 days.


http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1995-053A

2001 14:20:00 GMT
During EVA ISS EO-3-1, International Space Station cosmonauts Dezhurov and Tyurin made a spacewalk from the Pirs module to install the Strela crane on the outside of Pirs, and jettison some thermal covers. There was some difficulty closing the Pirs hatch.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expedition_3#Spacewalks


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