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 . Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel Space History News - People and events in development of space travel  

Space History for November 23

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Born, Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer

Died, Johann Bode, German astronomer, reformulated and popularized the Titius-Bode Law stating the relationship between planetary orbits

Born, John van der Waals (at Leyden, Holland), physicist, Nobel 1910 "for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids"

Died, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, astronomer (double stars)

R Luther discovered asteroid #95 Arethusa.

Louis Ducos du Hauron patented a trichrome color photo process.

A Charlois discovered asteroid #345 Tercidina.

A Charlois discovered asteroid #429 Lotis.

The Wright Brothers formed a million dollar corporation to manufacture airplanes.

A Schaumasse discovered asteroid #971 Alsatia.

G Van Biesbroeck discovered asteroid #990 Yerkes.

Born, Vladislav Volkov, Russian cosmonaut

Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov (23 November 1935, Moscow - 29 June 1971) was a Soviet cosmonaut who flew on the Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 11 missions.

He had the unfortunate distinction of being part of the second crew to die during a space flight, on Soyuz 11: After a normal re-entry, the capsule was opened and the crew was found dead. It was discovered that a valve had opened just prior to leaving orbit that had allowed the capsule's atmosphere to vent away into space, suffocating the crew.

K Reinmuth discovered asteroids #1408 Trusanda and #1435 Garlena.

A lens to provide zoom effects was patented by FG Back.

M Laugier discovered asteroid #1681 Steinmetz.

L Boyer discovered asteroid #1594 Danjon.

NASA launched Tiros 2, a weather satellite.

The European weather satellite Meteosat 1 was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

NASA's space shuttle Challenger was moved to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and mated for the STS 6 mission.

USSR Soyuz T-9 landed.

Died (crushed by a satellite dish, age 37), Bo Diaz, baseball catcher

2002 18:50:00 CST (GMT -6:00:00)
NASA launched STS 113 (Endeavour 19, Shuttle 112, ISS Flight 11A) to deliver a new crew and truss segment to the International Space Station.

STS 113 was launched 23 November 2002, the 16th shuttle mission to the International Space Station (designated ISS Flight 11A). Orbit insertion altitude: 122 nautical miles. Orbit inclination: 51.60 degrees. During its 14 day mission, the STS 113 crew extended the International Space Station's backbone with installation of the P1 (P-One) Truss, and exchanged the Expedition Five and Six crews. About 1,969 kilograms (4,340 pounds) of cargo were transferred between the shuttle and station. Endeavour docked with the station 25 November and undocked on 2 December. Three EVAs were conducted. The mission ended on 7 December 2002 when Endeavour landed at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Mission duration: 13 days, 18 hours, 47 minutes. The landing was the first time a mission ended on the fourth day of landing attempts.

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